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According to the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), people smuggling is a violation of national immigration laws of the destination country, and does not require violations of the rights of the smuggled person.
Human trafficking, on the other hand, is a crime against a person because of the violation of the victim's rights through coercion and exploitation.
By providing regular access to information regarding human-trafficking, individuals are educated how to protect themselves and their families from being exploited.
The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.
In 2012, the ILO estimated that 21 million victims are trapped in modern-day slavery.
Of these, 14.2 million (68%) were exploited for labor, 4.5 million (22%) were sexually exploited, and 2.2 million (10%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor.
Victims become "bonded" when their labor, the labor which they themselves hired and the tangible goods they have bought are demanded as a means of repayment for a loan or service whose terms and conditions have not been defined, or where the value of the victims' services is not applied toward the liquidation of the debt.
Though illegal, there may be no deception or coercion involved.
After entry into the country and arrival at their ultimate destination, the smuggled person is usually free to find their own way.
Generally, the value of their work is greater than the original sum of money "borrowed".
Forced labor is a situation in which victims are forced to work against their own will under the threat of violence or some other form of punishment; their freedom is restricted and a degree of ownership is exerted.